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Evidencias en Pediatría (EP / Evidences in Pediatrics) is a publication of the “Asociación Española de Pediatría” (AEP / Spanish Association of Pediatrics). Its contents are elaborated mainly by members of the Grupo de Trabajo de Pediatría Basada en la Evidencia (Evidence Based Pediatrics Working Group). This group is part of both, the AEP and the “Asociación Española de Pediatría de Atención Primaria” (Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics / AEPap).
Authors' conclusions: the present study suggests that long-term difficulties are evident for general cognitive performance as well as for specific cognitive abilities in preterm subjects with intraventricular haemorhage in the newborn period. These data could explain the academic problems shown by these individuals.
Reviewers' comantary: adolescents who were preterm have learning and behavior difficulties. The presence of intraventricular hemorrhage in the perinatal period has been associated with poor educational performance, although the results of this study do not allow to confirm this aspect. To find out what factors are associated with the prognosis in childhood and adolescence prospective follow-up studies from birth should be conducted.
Saigal S, Pinelli J, Hoult L, Kim MM; Boyle M. Psychopathology and social competencies of adolescents who were extremely low birth weight. Pediatrics. 2003;111:969-75.
Ancel PY, Livinec F, Larroque B, Marret S, Arnaud C, Pierrat V et al. Cerebral palsy among very preterm children in relation to gestationa lage and neonatal ultrasound abnormalities: the EPIPAGE cohort study. Pediatrics. 2006;117:828-35.
Van de Bor M, Den Ouden L. School performance in adolescents with and without periventricular-intraventricular hemorrage in the neonatal period. Semin Perinatol. 2004;28:295-303.
Laptook AR, O´Shea M, Shankaran S, Bhaskar B and the NICHD network. Adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes among extremely low birth weigt infants with a normal head ultrasound: prevalence and antecedents. Pediatrics. 2005;115:673-80.